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According to Nardi and O’Day (1999), the phrase "information ecology" describes a system in which people, practices, technologies, and values are organized in a local environment, coexisting symbiotically and dynamically. Like a biological ecology, a technological information ecology is made up of and exists to support the members of its own community. Such is certainly accurate in the case of the Pueblo ecology.

In Chapter 8 of Information Ecologies, "Wolf, Batgirl and Starlight: Finding a Real Community in a Virtual World," we examine how Phoenix's Longview Elementary School is using a virtual world, in conjunction with Phoenix College and participants from Xerox, to help students with their reading, writing, and social skills. In this particular chapter, the complexity of Pueblo's implementation was hard to follow, not only technologically, but also ecologically. The accompanying concept map helps the reader to organize many important aspects of this information ecology. In essence, we can look at this map to determine the following major points of Pueblo and Chapter 8:

1. What is Pueblo? (answer: a virtual world)
2. Why is a virtual world beneficial to teaching and learning? (answer: the organizer/map highlights both academic and social benefits)
3. How is Pueblo an “information ecology”? (answer: it accords with four critical aspects, as demonstrated by the map)
4. Where does it exist? (answer: in cyberspace and three local communities, in real time and creative preparatory construction)
5. Who participates? (answer: external participants situated in Phoenix, AZ, all of whom are internal participants in the virtual world)

The map provides a structure to all of the layers of this information ecology, as outlined above. Since Pueblo involves various participants/stakeholders, the map provides organization of and clarity regarding who these stakeholding participant groups are and the role that they play in the information ecology.

This map also does a great job of illustrating the complexity of an information ecology itself. It clearly defines how all of the pieces fit together to make the Pueblo information ecology possible and functional. As such, it provides a template for similar projects aiming to integrate various physical communities into a virtual community designed for the same purposes as Pueblo.